Articulate Your Expectations
Articulate the course goals clearly to students so that they know what the desired outcomes are. Make it clear to students what you expect them to do in order to reach those goals. Clear expectations help make the connection between a course of action and a desired outcome more concrete and tangible. At the same time, let students know what support they can expect from you in pursuit of those goals.
Ambrose, S.A., Bridges, M.W., DiPietro, M., Lovett,M.C., & Norman, M.K. (2010). How learning works: Seven research-based principles for smart teaching. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.