Explicitly Link New Material to Prior Knowledge from Your Own Course
Although we often expect students to automatically link what they are learning to prior knowledge, they may not do this automatically. Help students activate relevant prior knowledge by highlighting particular lectures, discussions, or readings in relation to material learned previously in the semester.
Ambrose, S.A., Bridges, M.W., DiPietro, M., Lovett,M.C., & Norman, M.K. (2010). How learning works: Seven research-based principles for smart teaching. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.