Creighton University

Exam Wrappers

All too often when students receive a graded exam, they focus on a single feature–the score they earned! Although the focus on the grade is understandable, it can lead students to miss out on several learning opportunities that such an assessment can provide: identifying their own areas of strength and weakness to guide further study, reflecting on the adequacy of their preparation and study strategies, and understanding the nature of their errors. Exam wrappers direct students to review and analyze their performance with an eye toward adapting their future learning.

Ambrose, S.A., Bridges, M.W., DiPietro, M., Lovett,M.C., & Norman, M.K. (2010). How learning works: Seven research-based principles for smart teaching. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Carnegie Mellon. Exam Wrappers. Retrieved from